Prof. Dr. Şentürk completed his undergraduate education in the Faculty of Theology at Marmara University (1986). Then he did his postgraduate degree in Sociology in the Faculty of Letters at Istanbul University (1988) and became an assistant in the same department (1988-1989). He pursued his PhD in Sociology at Columbia University, New York (1998). Between 1998 and 2007 he was researcher at the Center for Islamic Studies (İSAM). He has been the director of the Alliance of Civilizations Institute (ACI) since it was founded. In addition, he has been the general coordinator of the Istanbul Research and Education Association (İSAR) in Istanbul for seven years (2009-2016). Currently, he is the president of Ibn Khaldun University (IHU) in Istanbul.
He did research on human rights as a visiting scholar in the Faculty of Law at Emory University, Atlanta (2002-2003). He continued his research on human rights as a guest of the British Academy in the Faculty of Social Sciences and Law at Oxford Brookes University, and he lectured on the same topic in various universities in the UK (2005). He is married with four children and speaks English, Turkish, Arabic, Persian, French, and German.
He published articles and books in various languages, among which Turkish, English, and Arabic. Some of the titles of his published works are Civilization and Values (ed. 2013), the Mehmet Akif Ersoy Quran Translation (ed. with Cüneyt Köksal, 2012), Open Civilization: Towards a Multicivilizational Society and World (2010), Consumption and Values (ed. 2010), Economic Development and Values (ed. 2009), Ibn Khaldun: Contemporary Readings (ed. 2009), The Sociology of Turkish Thought: From Islamic Law to Social Sciences (2008), Islam and Human Rights: Sociological and Islamic Approaches (2007), Malcolm X: A Struggle for Human Rights (2006), Malcom X: Al-Sīra al-Dhātiyya li Qā'id al-Muslimīn al-Sūd fī Amrīkā (Arabic translation, 2006), Narrative Social Structure: Hadith Transmission Network 610-1505 (California: Standford University Press, 2005), Introduccion a la Ciencia del Hadiz (Spanish translation, 2008), New Sociologies of Religion (2004), Modernization and Social Science: The Example of Turkey and Egypt (Istanbul, 1996).